to handle or control - This cycle focuses on providing students with opportunities to interact directly with their environment. Themes in the MANIPULATE cycle create space for students to develop an understanding of how people and materials interact
To build; to bring elements together - When students enter the middle grades, they are becoming concrete thinkers, eager to acquire new skills and define their place as individuals. The CONSTRUCT cycle focuses arts learning on investigations how we build ourselves and our environment and the role that individuals play in the process.
to consider theoretically - In high school, students begin the transition from concrete to abstract thought as they transition into early adulthood. This transition is reflected in the ABSTRACT cycle, as the ideas become broad, theoretical frameworks that exist outside the individual.